Christopher Jon Bjerknes
Jacob Abraham Stachel, a. k. a. "Jack" Stachel (deceased), was successfully prosecuted by the United States Government and spent five in years in prison. He was a foreign born Communist of Jewish descent, who emigrated to the United States of America from Galicia. The New York Times stated in Stachel's obituary, on 2 January 1966, inter alia,
"Less well known than such party leaders as Eugene Dennis and Gus Hall, Jacob A. Stachel was one of the first 11 Communists convicted under the Smith Act in 1949 for conspiring to overthrow the United States Government and served five years in prison."
Jacob Abraham Stachel was a follower of the "self-hating Jew" Karl Marx. Galician Jews had an especially bad reputation and were criticized by friend and foe, Gentiles and Jews alike, from the racist Zionist Theodor Herzl to the racist Zionist Adolf Hitler. They were the grimiest prostitutes and greasiest pimps in the Ghettoes of Poland and New York, the most shameless and obnoxious shysters, and the most vile Communist infiltrators. A typical characterization of the Galician Jew of Jacob Abraham Stachel's generation is found in: E. A. Ross, The Old World in the New: The Significance of Past and Present Immigration to the American People, The Century Company, (1914), p. 146,
"Besides the Russian Jews we are receiving large numbers from Galicia, Hungary, and Roumania. The last are said to be of a high type, whereas the Galician Jews are the lowest. It is these whom Joseph Pennell, the illustrator, found to be 'people who, despite their poverty, never work with their hands; whose town. . . is but a hideous nightmare of dirt, disease and poverty' and its misery and ugliness 'the outcome of their own habits and way of life and not, as is usually supposed, forced upon them by Christian persecutors.'"
There was a high concentration of Frankist Hasidic Jews in Galicia and one wonders how many of those Jewish Communist subversives who emigrated to America from Galicia were Frankist subversives. Frankists often promoted anti-Semitism as means to promote themselves and as a means to take over Gentile governments. Communist Jews used this tactic in America.
Nathaniel Weyl wrote in his book The Jew in American Politics,
"Although Communist leaders were normally taciturn about the extent to which Party membership was Jewish, Jack Stachel complained in The Communist for April 1929 that in Los Angeles 'practically 90 per cent of the membership is Jewish.' In 1945, John Williamson, another national leader of the American Communist Party, observed that, while a seventh of the Party membership was concentrated in Brooklyn, it was not the working-class districts, but in Brownsville, Williamsburg, Coney Island and Bensonhurst, which he characterized as 'primarily Jewish American communities.' [***] The extent to which American Communism remained an organization of the foreign-born was revealed by a boast in The Communist for July 1936 that 45% of Party section organizers were now native-born as against none native-born in 1934. [***] In 1929, massacres of Jews by Palestine Arabs were described by the Freiheit, New York's Communist Party Yiddish organ, as a 'pogrom'. The Party promptly reprimanded the Freiheit for having failed to realize that these murders were a 'class war. . . against British imperialism and their Zionist agents.' The Freiheit proceeded to report the Palestine struggle in a Nazi fashion. 'Indeed,' comments Glazer, 'the cartoons it ran of hook-nosed and bloated Jews sadistically attacking Arabs could have appeared in any German anti-Semitic newspaper.'"
1. "Jack Stachel, U. S. Communist And Party Official, Dies at 65", The New York Times, (2 January 1966), p. 73.
2. J. Prinz, Wir Juden, Erich Reiss, Berlin, (1934), p. 44.
3. N. Weyl, The Jew in American Politics, Arlington House, New Rochelle, New York, (1968), pp. 118-120. Weyl cites: M. Epstein, The Jew and Communism, Trade Union Sponsoring Committee, New York, (1959); and N. Glazer, The Social Basis of American Communism, Harcourt, Brace, New York, (1961), pp. 151-152.
For more information on the Communist Party leader Jacob Abraham Stachel, see the following articles in The New York Times:
"SOVIET REVOLUTION IS CELEBRATED HERE; Workers Party Masses at Two Meetings to Mark the Tenth Anniversary Today. BOLSHEVIST RISE REVIEWED Injunctions in Strikes Assailed -Support for Panken Pledged Despite His Rejection of It", The New York Times, (7 November 1927), p. 43
"COMMUNIST INQUIRY IS DEMANDED HERE", The New York Times, (18 March 1947), p. 3
"Communist Leader Seized As an Illegal Alien Here; ACCUSED AS ALIEN COMMUNIST SEIZED AS ILLEGAL ALIEN", The New York Times, (2 June 1948), p. 1 (Includes photograph of Jacob Abraham Stachel, which accurately depicts his gangster-like physical appearance.)
"CAREER OF FOSTER TRACED; Son of Cab Washer Born in 1881 -- Other Biographies", The New York Times, (21 July 1948), p. 3. (Identifies Jacob Abraham Stachel as one-time "general secretary" of the Communist Party in America, and as the then current "head of its Department of Education, Agitation and Publications".)
"8 COMMUNIST CHIEFS AT LIBERTY ON BAIL; 9TH IN COURT TODAY; Civil Rights Congress Puts Up $35,000 in Treasury Bonds to Free 7 Here WORKER EDITOR GIVES UP Borrows Coat and Tie to Face Judge -- Left Wing, Liberal Groups Assail Arrests COMMUNIST LEADERS APPEAR TO POST BAIL BONDS 8 COMMUNIST CHIEFS AT LIBERTY ON BAIL", The New York Times, (22 July 1948), p. 1
"World News Summarized; THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1948", The New York Times, (5 August 1948), p. 1
"WITNESS MISSING, ALIEN CASE HALTS; Search to Be Made for Person Who Previously Testified Against Communists", The New York Times, (14 September 1948), p. 11
"STACHEL INQUIRY ALLOWED; Judge Kaufman Will Not Oppose Deportation Proceedings", The New York Times, (18 September 1948), p. 30
"COMMUNIST PLEA GOES TO HIGH COURT; 12 Accused Here Petition U. S. Supreme Tribunal to Void Indictments", The New York Times, (8 January 1949), p. 13.
"INDICTED READS LOSE HIGH COURT PLEAS; Tribunal Refuses to Intervene in Trial -- Defense Charged Bias, 'Rich' Juries", The New York Times, (11 January 1949), p. 3."Text of Indictment of 12 Communists", The New York Times, (17 January 1949), p. 9.
"Communists Here Lose Move To Bring In an Outside Judge; PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE ATTORNEYS IN COMMUNISTS TRIAL COMMUNISTS LOSE ON CHANGING JUDGE", The New York Times, (20 January 1949), p. 1.
"COMMUNISTS WIN RIGHT TO WITNESSES AGAINST U. S. JURY; Will Call First Today in Effort to Prove Illegality of Body That Indicted Them Here MIGHT SUMMON 12 JUDGES Medina Permits Defense Step While Studying Motion to Strike Out Challenge COMMUNISTS WIN POINT IN JURY FIGHT", The New York Times, (21 January 1949), p. 1.
"WALLACE PROTESTS JAILING OF 3 REDS; Says It Is Using Court Power to Promote Injustice -- 500 Picket Detention House", The New York Times, (5 June 1949), p. 2.
"Sketchbook of the Communists' Trial
Text and Drawings", The New York Times, (19 June 1949), p. SM8.
"Text of Judge Medina's Charge to the Jury at the Trial of the Communist Leaders; Court Defines Crime of Conspiracy, Points Out Burden of Proof and Reasonable Doubt THE PROSECUTING STAFF IN THE COMMUNIST TRIAL", The New York Times, (14 October 1949), p. 14.
"BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF ACCUSED REDS; Data Include Places of Birth Activities, Records, Party Posts and Varied Names", The New York Times, (15 October 1949), p. 2.
"11 COMMUNISTS CONVICTED OF PLOT; MEDINA TO SENTENCE THEM FRIDAY; 6 OF COUNSEL JAILED IN CONTEMPT; VERDICT IN 7 HOURS Judge Approves It and Thanks Jurors at Tense Close of 9-Month Trial TEN-YEAR TERMS FACED Defendants and Advocates to Appeal -- Latter Get One to Six Months as 'Example' AFTER LAWYERS WERE SENTENCED FOR CONTEMPT IN COMMUNIST TRIAL 11 REDS CONVICTED; 6 COUNSEL JAILED", The New York Times, (15 October 1949), p. 1.
"VERDICT RECEIVED BY TENSE AUDIENCE; Efforts to Seem Relaxed Fail as Facial Twitches, Clenching of Fists Betray Emotions COUGHS BREAK SILENCE Spectators Strain to Hear the Foreman's Answers -- Judge Rocks Throughout Session", The New York Times, (15 October 1949), p. 4.
"Guilty", The New York Times, (16 October 1949), p. E1.
"11 CONVICTED REDS ASK TRAVEL RIGHT; Court Will Hear Plea Today to Alter Restriction -- Four Post Bonds Toward Fines", The New York Times, (26 November 1949), p. 28.
"11 CONVICTED REDS ATTACK SMITH ACT; EXPLAINING IT TO THE BOSS", The New York Times, (2 May 1950), p. 8.
"ORDERS OF STACHEL OBEYED BY THE I.W.O.", The New York Times, (14 July 1950), p. 15.
"U.S. COURT REVOKES 11 REDS' BAIL, GIVING 30 DAYS FOR APPEAL; Circuit Bench, 2 to 1, Agrees With Saypol Plea That They Are Menace to Nation REHEARING HERE IS DENIED But Application to the Supreme Tribunal Is Permitted--Judge Learned Hand Dissents Rehearing of Appeal Denied Bail of 11 Red Leaders Revoked 30 Days Hence to Permit Appeal Bail Won on Appeal Bridges Case of No Help", The New York Times, (29 August 1950), p. 1.
"JACKSON SETS BAIL FOR 10 RED LEADERS; Justice Overturns Appellate Court's Revocation--Would Not Make Martyrs of Them JACKSON SETS BAIL FOR 10 RED LEADERS", The New York Times, (26 September 1950), p. 1.
"United States Supreme Court", The New York Times, (24 October 1950), p. 49.
"WORKER GETS WRIT ON NEWSSTAND BAN; NEWSDEALERS' HEAD", The New York Times, (4 December 1950), p. 31.
"DECISION IS 6 TO 2; Vinson Ruling Affirms Smith Act--Cites the 'Clear, Present' Peril BLACK, DOUGLAS DISSENT Frankfurter, Concurring, Calls Aim of Conspiracy Clear-- Jackson Chides Minority Majority Upholds Law Dennis Served Contempt Term HIGH COURT BACKS GUILT OF 11 REDS Charged "Suppression of Ideas" Jackson Chides Dissenters Sees Conspiracy's Object Clear Black Sees "Prior Censorship" Douglas Questions Danger", The New York Times, (5 June 1951), p. 1.
"Saypol Reports New Data On Reds Given Given Grand Jury; Party Leaders Face Jail in About Month Eugene Dennis Says 'Truman Court Majority' Backed Thought Control REDS IN U.S. FACE WIDE PROSECUTIONS", The New York Times, (5 June 1951), p. 1.
"United States Supreme Court", The New York Times, (5 June 1951), p. 64.
"REDS' LAWYERS SEEK A STAY IN CONTEMPT", The New York Times, (8 June 1951), p. 17.
"Text of Indictment of 21 Communist Leaders on Conspiracy Charges; COMMUNIST LEADERS SEIZED HERE YESTERDAY IN F.B.I. ROUND-UP", The New York Times, (21 June 1951), p. 16.
"7 CONVICTED REDS ARE TAKEN TO JAIL; 4 FAIL TO APPEAR; COMMUNISTS ON WAY TO JAIL AND FOUR WHO FAILED TO APPEAR", The New York Times, (3 July 1951), p. 1.
"FIELD SENT TO JAIL IN CONTEMPT CASE, BUT WINS BAIL BID; Again Refuses to Name Those Who Put Up $80,000 Bond for Fugitive Communists MAY BE RELEASED TODAY Another Trustee and Woman Bookkeeper of Fund Also Flout Orders of Court Eight Now Being Hunted FIELD SEND TO JAIL; BUT WINS BAIL PLEA Judge Rejects Legal Doubts Trustee, Bookkeeper Called Prison Bars Spectators", The New York Times, (7 July 1951), p. 1.
"Red Prisoners to Be Separated", The New York Times, (9 July 1951), p. 13.
"RED PARTY CHIEFS INDICTED ON COAST; Bail of $75,000 and $100,000 Set for Twelve Accused of Violence Conspiracy Bail Rises Asked 7 Specifications Listed", The New York Times, (1 August 1951), p. 7.
"Court Offers '2d Team' Reds 10 Lawyers to Defend Them; LAWYERS OFFERED FOR '2D TEAM' REDS Reads Statement to Court Some Sought in Vain Off to a Slow Start Defense Attorneys Relieved", The New York Times, (9 August 1951), p. 1.
"8 QUIZZED IN HUNT FOR FUGITIVE REDS; Isserman and Sacher Among Those Questioned--Bittelman Files Habeas Corpus Plea Silver Before Grand Jury Bittelman Files for Writ", The New York Times, (10 August 1951), p. 6.
"HAWAII JURY CITES 7 AS RED PLOTTERS; HELD IN HAWAII COMMUNIST ROUND-UP", The New York Times, (30 August 1951), p. 12.
"United States Supreme Court", The New York Times, (9 October 1951), p. 59.
"Hall, Fugitive Red Taken in Mexico, Quickly Lodged in Prison in Texas; GUS HALL IS LODGED IN U.S. JAIL IN TEXAS Hall Had Moscow Training", The New York Times, (11 October 1951), p. 1.
"RED AS U. S. PRESIDENT CITED AS PARTY GOAL", The New York Times, (18 April 1952), p. 5.
"U. S. Acts to Deport Reds And Bring Foster to Trial; U. S. ACTS TO SPEND DEPORTING OF REDS", The New York Times, (23 October 1952), p. 1.
"COSTELLO, 2 REDS LOSE PAROLE BIDS; Gambler Eligible Today, Davis and Potash, of 11 Top Party Leaders, on Feb. 21 COSTELLO, 2 REDS LOSE PAROLE BIDS", The New York Times, (14 February 1953), p. 1.
"STACHEL LOSES APPEAL; Communist Will Be Deported When Sentence Is Over", The New York Times, (14 May 1953), p. 20.
"REDS' JAIL TERMS TO END TUESDAY; Two of Six Face Deportation -- Others Will Be Tried on New Charges", The New York Times, (27 February 1955), p. 34.
"SIX RED LEADERS END PRISON TERMS; 6 OF COMMUNISTS END PRISON TERMS Five Rearrested and Freed on Bond on New Charges-- Sixth Jailed in Contempt", The New York Times, (2 March 1955), p. 1.
"Who's Who? FIFTEEN NEWS QUESTIONS What's What?", The New York Times, (6 March 1955), p. E2.
"FREED REDS POSE PROBATION TESTS; Gates' Desire to Return to Editorship of Worker May Present First Hurdle", The New York Times, (13 March 1955), p. 29.
"U.S. REDS CONFESS PARTY MISTAKES; DRAFT REFORMS; Convention Resolution Would Assail Left Wing and Urge Labor and Negro Ties Leadership Changes Seen U.S. REDS PROPOSE REFORM OF PARTY First Convention Since '50 Denies External Discipline Post-War 'Errors' Listed", The New York Times, (23 September 1956), p. 1.
"U.S. ENDS OLD SUIT AGAINST 8 REDS; 15-Year-Old Cases Based on Membership Are Dropped", The New York Times, (30 May 1963), p. 7.
"U.S. Reds Weigh New Command; Must Fill Top Ranks Thinned by Deaths at Critical Time Party Being Pressed by Militants, Who Favor Chinese", The New York Times, (26 September 1964), p. 11.
"Jack Stachel, U.S. Communist And Party Official, Dies at 65", The New York Times, (2 January 1966), p. 73.